Schulz said he and his fellow economists had looked for other links to Europe’s growth stutter and found that one data match appeared to be the performance of China.
The team looked, in particular, at the Li Keqiang index that tracks China’s rail freight volume, electricity consumption, and loans disbursed by banks.
“That index has turned down from last summer onwards and it typically has a pretty good leading relationship with German business confidence of about six months. That could explain why Germany, or manufacturing the euro zone more broadly, turned down at the end of last year,” he said.
Schulz said the connection between Germany and China existed beyond just trade and that investment between the two countries was an important factor.
He added that with China tipped to account for 20 percent of Germany’s future export growth, any slowdown in numbers from Beijing could immediately impact investment decisions in Europe.
Separately, euro zone manufacturing PMIs released Tuesday also suggested a slowdown in activity across Europe.
PMI data, released on a monthly basis, track factors such as output, new orders, stock levels, employment and prices across the manufacturing, construction, and retail and service sectors.
The final March reading for manufacturing PMI came in at 56.2, which represented a 13-month low.
For individual countries, multi-month lows were recorded for Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Italy, and Greece. It should be noted that despite the slowdown all countries remained in expansion mode.
The euro, which has been losing value sharply in recent weeks, gave up almost all of its session gains following both data sets.